Organizational Culture and Employees Commitment in Bayelsa State Civil Service
Dr. Mba Okechukwu Agwu
Journal of Management Policies and Practices, 1(1), pp. 35-45.

The paper examined organizational culture and employees’ commitment in Bayelsa State civil service. It defines organizational culture as the set of values, beliefs and behavior patterns that shapes employee’s behavior and forms the core identity of the organization. The research question addressed the extent of the relationship between organizational culture and employees’ commitment in Bayelsa State civil service. The population of study consists of the entire 20,000 civil servants in the 20 ministries and parastatals in Bayelsa State. A sample size of 200 was judgmentally determined from 10% of the population. A descriptive research design was used in executing the study using 200 randomly selected respondents from the population of study for questionnaire administration. A research instrument tagged `Organizational Culture and Employees Commitment Questionnaire' was used for the generation of primary data. A pilot test-re-test study was conducted on 30 randomly selected respondents who are not involved in the study, to ensure the validity of the questionnaire, using the data obtained; areliability coefficient of 0.83was calculated using Pearson product moment correlation analysis indicating a high degree of reliability of the research instrument. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The descriptive statistics used in the study include frequency counts and percentages. Hypothesis 1was tested using the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient, hypothesis 2 was tested using the independent statistical t-test while hypotheses 3 and 4 were tested using ANOVA .All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance for sampling error. Results from the data analysis indicated that significant relationship exists between organizational culture and employees ‘commitment while significant differences were observed in the commitment of employees of different sex, ages and length of service in the Bayelsa State civil service. It therefore recommends among others: encouragement of work teams among employees, training and re-training of employees, improvement in the reward system, improvement of internal communication channels and employees participation in decision making.

Full Text: PDF

Agwu, Okechukwu Dr. Mba. (2013). Organizational Culture and Employees Commitment in Bayelsa State Civil Service. Journal of Management Policies and Practices, 1(1), pp. 35-45.

Akinbayo, T. (2010). Work family role conflict and organizational commitment among industrial workers in Nigeria. Journal of Psychology and Counselors. July 10.Vol. 2(1): 1-5.

Al-Roweitei, F. (2004). Formulating the mission, vision and values of modern corporations. Retrieved from

Anazodo, R.O (2009).Civil Service in Nigeria. An Analysis of Its Bureaucratic Effectiveness. Onitsha: Abbot Books, Ltd.

Boon, O.K., and V. Arumugam. (2006). The Influence of Corporate Culture on Organizational Commitment: Case Study of Semiconductor Organization in Malaysia. Sunway Academic Journal 3.

Deal, T.E. & Kennedy, A.A. (1982).Corporate cultures. Reading, MA: Addison– Wesley.

Drenth, P.J.D., Thierry, C. & Wolff, C.J. (1998). Organizational psychology, 2nd Edition. London: Psychology Press


Ellemmer, N., Gilder, D., & Hervel, H. (1998). Career oriented versus team oriented commitment and behaviour at work. Journal of Applied Psychology 83(3), 717-730.

Harrison, R. & Stokes, H. (1992).Diagnosing organizational culture. Amsterdam: Pfeiffer & Company.

Herscovitch, L. & Meyer, J.P. (2002).Commitment to organization change: extension of three component model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(4): 474 –478.

Irving, P.G., Coleman, D.F. & Cooper, C.L. (1997). Further assessment of a three component model of occupation commitment: generalizability and differences across occupations. Journal of Applied Psychology 82(3):444-452.

Lau, H.C. & Idris, M.A. (2001). Research and concepts: The soft foundation of the critical success factors on TQM implementation in Malaysia. The TQM Magazine, 13(1):51 – 60.

Lund, D.B. (2003). Organizational Culture and Job Satisfaction. Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing. 18 (3): 219-231.

Meyer, J.P. & Allen, J.N. (1991). A three component conceptualization of organizational commitment. Human Resources Management Review (1):61-89.

Mullins, J.M. (2007). Management and organizational behaviour. Edinburgh: prentice-Hall.

Muthuveloo, R. & Rose, R.C. (2005).Typology of organizational commitment. American Journal of Applied Science 2(6)1078 – 1081.

Nystrom, P.C. (1993). ‘Organizational cultures, strategies and commitments in the health care organization’, Healthcare Management Review, 18(1): 43-49.

Olanrewaju, A.S. & Kunsola, O.F. (2010). Influence of gender and self-esteem in organizational commitment of civil servant in eastern State of Nigeria. Journal of America Selma 2011 7(2): 597-603.

Dr. Mba Okechukwu Agwu, MNIM, MNISP
Department of Business Administration
Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State
PMB 071, Yenegoa, Bayelsa State